Miserable mathematics and science scores of advanced U.S. 12th-graders

The miserable performance of advanced U.S. 12th-graders in math and science is well documented.  In reports issued in 1996, 1997, and 1998, Dr. Pascal Forgione, Jr., Commissioner of Education Statistics at the U.S. Department of Education, states that "The Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) is the largest, most comprehensive, and most rigorous international study of schools and student achievement ever conducted."  According to the 12th-grade TIMSS report,[1] the United States placed 15th out of 16 nations listed under "Average Advanced Mathematics Performance of Advanced Mathematics Students" and placed dead last out of 16 nations listed under "Average Physics Performance of Advanced Science Students":

  Average Advanced Mathematics     Average Physics
  Performance of Advanced          Performance of Advanced
  Mathematics Students             Science Students

  Nation               Average     Nation               Average

  France                   557     Norway                   581
  (Russian Federation)     542     Sweden                   573
  Switzerland              533     (Russian Federation)     545
  (Australia)              525     (Denmark)                534
  (Denmark)                522     (Slovenia)               523
  (Cyprus)                 518     (Germany)                522
  (Lithuania)              516     (Australia)              518
  Greece                   513     (Cyprus)                 494
  Sweden                   512     (Latvia)                 488
  Canada                   509     Switzerland              488
  (Slovenia)               475     Greece                   486
  (Italy)                  474     (Canada)                 485
  Czech Republic           469     France                   466
  (Germany)                465     Czech Republic           451
  (UNITED STATES)          442     (Austria)                435
  (Austria)                436     (UNITED STATES)          423

Moreover, the 12th-grade report did not include Singapore, Korea, or Japan -- the three highest achieving nations out of over 40 nations listed in the 8th-grade report[2] and the three highest achieving nations out of 26 nations listed in the 4th-grade report.[3]
_____________________________
[1] U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Pursuing Excellence:  A Study of U.S. Twelfth-Grade Mathematics and Science Achievement in International Context, NCES 98-049, Washington, DC:  U.S. Government Printing Office, 1998.
[2] U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Pursuing Excellence, NCES 97-198, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1996,
[3] U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Pursuing Excellence: A Study of U.S. Fourth-Grade Mathematics and Science Achievement in International Context, NCES 97-255, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1997.


Foreign students earned 4 out of every 9 science and engineering doctorates awarded in the USA

Foreign students earned 4 out of every 9 science and engineering doctorates awarded at regionally accredited universities and colleges in the USA during the year from 1 July 2004 to 30 June 2005 (see NSF 07-301 and NSF Table 11):

  Citizenship   Doctorates   Percentage
  -------------------------------------
  USA                14912         53.3
  China               3448         12.3
  Korea               1170          4.2
  India               1103          3.9
  Taiwan               442          1.6
  Canada               365          1.3
  Turkey               340          1.2
  Thailand             251          0.9
  Japan                211          0.8
  *                      *           *
  *                      *           *
  Unknown             1546          5.5
  -------------------------------------
  USA                14912         53.3
  Non-USA            11516         41.2
  Unknown             1546          5.5
  -------------------------------------
  Total              27974        100.0

Americans earned a tiny number of the science and engineering doctorates awarded in other countries.